Dental Caries, widely known as tooth decay is one of the most common health problem found in adults and children. As it is known that prevention is better than cure, utmost measures should be taken to prevent tooth decay. Kleinburg Dentistry has found that caries also attacks the roots of the teeth. Thus, it is prevalent in 60-90% of schoolchildren and in older adults too.
About Dental Caries:
Dental caries is an infectious disease. Small holes known as cavities are created in the tooth because of the accumulation of the food. When that left over food is not removed, hence, it affects structure as well as the health of the tooth.
Basic Facts and statistics:
One of the common chronic oral condition is Dental Caries.
- This is a common problem found in all age group. It is a preventable disease. However, as per the estimates, 96 percent of Canadians have come across one cavity during adult life.
- Among children, 57 percent of kids in the age group of 6-11 have dental caries and 59 percent of children ages 12-19 have come across this disease.
- Groups who have a high chance of cavity include elderly people, poor families, people having certain disabilities and less educated.
- Due to proper oral hygiene techniques, the rate of dental caries has declined.
- According to Kleinburg Dentistry, it is a widely spread disease among children. Majority of children who are near the poverty level, face it.
- The decline of caries is measured using DMFT. It is the number of decayed, missing or filled teeth affected by caries. In Canada, dental caries accounts for one-third of all day surgeries performed on children of age group 1 to 5.
Risk Factors involved:
Various factors lead to dental caries. The major ones are sugar intake, bacteria and the time. These factors are controllable with proper oral care regimen. Apart from that, various points contribute a lot in the occurrence of dental caries. It includes economic status, age, and access to dental care, ethnicity and many such factors.
For instance, demographic (e.g., child’s age), social (e.g., annual household income), and psychosocial factors (e.g., parental depression) are the ones which have affected the dental health of people. Kleinburg Dentistry gives more attention to how these factors influence the growth of dental caries.
Preventive measures and Treatment
Impact of dental caries on teeth is huge if not checked well. It is prevented with proper oral hygiene regimen. Before the condition becomes more serious, a proper dental check-up is a must. Kleinburg Dentistry identifies the signs of poor oral hygiene which includes the build-up of plaque. Thus, it is recommended to use oral health products which contain fluoride. It reduced the growth of acid which results in tooth decay. Along with that, people have to change their diet and behaviour. For the aging population, fluoride varnish care is equally important.
The main objective is to avoid further complications. However, if tooth structure is lost to a great extent, it is treated using crown placement or root canal treatment. All this depends upon the severity of the case. Hence, proper oral hygiene is advisesd to eliminate dental caries.